Peru is significantly vulnerable to natural disasters caused by hydrometeorological phenomena, such as floods, thunderstorms, droughts and frosts. This...Read more
Peru is extremely vulnerable to climatic change and exposed to hydrometeorological and seismic risks. many disasters are related to the Coastal Niño (FEN).
In 2017, the FEN phenomenon alone damaged 24 regions of the country, affecting approximately 1,600,000 people, almost 85% of the population.
Today, the country vulnerability is worsening due to population growth in the peripheries of big cities, following both internal and external migration inflows. A large part of the rural population moves from the countryside to urban centres, where 78% of the population lives, while informal urban settlements develop. In the capital alone, almost 2.8 million inhabitants live in degraded areas, with limited access to schools and hospitals, and highly exposed to disaster risk.
In addition, Venezuelan refugees are fleeing their country to settle in Peru - more than 800,000 Venezuelans have been permanently residing in the country since 2017. This emergency exacerbates the vulnerability of peri-urban areas, further weighing on the public infrastructure, which are already inadequate to meet the needs of the indigenous population.