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Peru is extremely vulnerable to climatic change and exposed to hydrometeorological and seismic risks. Many disasters are related to the Coastal Niño (FEN), such as the floods that occurred in 2010, 2013 and 2017 in the north of the country.
The FEN phenomenon alone in 2017 damaged 24 regions of the country, leaving 1,664,879 (85%) people affected and 283,137 (15%) people injured. As a result, 447,018 houses, 3,703 schools and 1,159 hospitals were also destroyed.
Today, the country vulnerability is worsening due to population growth in the peripheries of big cities, following both internal and external migration inflows.
A large part of the rural population moves from the countryside to urban centres, where 78% of the population lives, while informal urban settlements develop. In the capital alone, almost 2.8 million inhabitants live in degraded areas, with limited access to schools and hospitals, and highly exposed to disaster risk.
In addition, Venezuelan refugees are fleeing their country to settle in Peru - more than 800,000 Venezuelans have been permanently residing in the country since 2017.
This emergency exacerbates the vulnerability of peri-urban areas, further weighing on the public infrastructure, which are already inadequate to meet the needs of the indigenous population.